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Education: a new and independent source of identity, intergroup processes, and political conflict
Présenté par Dr. T. (Toon) Kuppens, University of Groningen, The Netherlands- https://sites.google.com/site/toonkuppens/
Résumé de la présentation
Research on intergroup relations focuses on many different groups based on gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and other characteristics. Arguably, the most meaningful characteristic that has not been investigated as a source of intergroup processes is people’s level of formal education. Furthermore, scholars studying inequality or social class often assume that education is merely one indicator of socioeconomic status and is to a large extent interchangeable with other indicators such as income. However, two reasons why education is very different from income are that (1) education and not income drives current political polarization and (2) people make more internal attributions for education than for income. I therefore argue that education is an independent source of identity and intergroup processes, and give an overview of research into education-based groups. Findings include that (1) people see their education as an important part of their identity, (2) low education is an independent source of low subjective social status, perceived disrespect/misrecognition, and political alienation, especially in countries with higher proportions of higher educated, (3) education is perceived as a legitimate source of status, including by the lower educated, (4) higher educated people show education-based intergroup bias, especially when they identify with their own education group, (5) among people with lower levels of education, identification is related to support for populism and support for collective action on behalf of the lower educated.
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